The Giver, a short novel even by children’s book standards, was awarded the Newbery Medal (the highest award for a children’s book in the US) in 1994. It courted controversy – both for its apparent encouragement to child to challenge authority and also for its handling of what Lowry refers to as “the stirrings” within pre-adolescent children. Some school authorities immediately added the book to its list of set texts while others banned it from school property. Either way, The Giver had an enormous impact on children’s literature. If a young reader is facing the current flood of dystopian fiction for children and young adults (The Hunger Games, The Maze Runner etc), The Giver is great place to begin.
Lois Lowry went on to write several other books before she returned to The Giver in her mind. In 2000, she published Gathering Blue, followed by Messenger in 2004, and these two books were called ‘companion novels’ to The Giver, rather than sequels. They were set in other communities, with very different problems but within walking distance, so some of the characters reappeared, and in her inimitable fashion, Lowry tied the threads of all three beautifully together to make a perfect trilogy.
So why add a fourth book more than eight years after the trilogy was complete?
“Because,” she told her audience last Sunday, “It was because for all those years after The Giver was published, I continued to receive letters and emails from children and their parents and teachers, asking ‘But what happened to Gabe?’” Gabe appeared in The Giver as a baby, and was briefly mentioned on one page in Messenger, but otherwise disappeared.
Two years ago, Lowry decided to answer those questions with a fourth novel, Son. It not only tells the story of Gabe, now almost a teenager himself, but also of his mother, Claire. Set in the same community as The Giver, it begins around the time when Jonas and his class-mates were given their work assignments, when one of the girls was chosen as Birthmother. It was explained that birthmothers were well looked after, kept in comfort and fed well through three pregnancies. The babies were then given away to the assigned couples to raise to adulthood. Once the birthmother’s third baby was born, she was reassigned to a lowly position in the community in food production or factory worker. Claire causes an unexpected blip in this perfect system, and like Jonas, she becomes aware of what she has lost and what the rest of the community is missing – love and belonging.
Lowry said “The working title for this book was in fact ‘Birthmother’ since it is as much Claire’s story as Gabe’s, but I soon realized that no young boy would want to buy a book called that, so I changed it to ‘Son’ instead.”
To mark the publication of the new book, Houghton Mifflin Books for Children have reissued the other three books with new, very beautiful covers created by illustrator Charles Brock of Faceout Studio.
Lois Lowry has a great website and blog, on which you can find information about all her books (Gossamer and Number the Stars are two of my other favorites), but you can also read transcripts of her major speeches, including her fascinating acceptance speech on receiving the Newbery Medal for The Giver. You can find her at: http://www.loislowry.com/.
Lois Lowry came to Houston as a guest of Inprint, Houston’s fantastic literary development agency. Inprint bring ‘grown-up’ writers to Houston too, but for me Inprint’s Cool Brains series of children’s authors is one of the outstanding resources available to children, teachers and parents in this city. My children all felt as if they had (or actually did have) one to one conversations with some of the best kids’ writers in the USA today: Gary Paulsen, Kate DiCamillo and Rebecca Stead, all of whom have been honored in the Newbery Awards, as well as Pseudonymous Bosch and TA Barron. Coming in February 2013 will be John Scieszka, creator of the Stinky Cheese Man, among others, and founder of the Guys Who Read movement which aims to encourage a passion for reading among young boys, with the philosophy that boys love to read most when they are reading things they love. The talks are always on a Sunday afternoon at Johnston Middle School. You can sign up for email reminders from Inprint by clicking here.